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Article Reference 3D model related to the publication: Niche partitioning of the European carnivorous mammals during the paleogene
The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D model analyzed in the following publication: Sol´e et al. (2018), Niche partitioning of the European carnivorous mammals during the paleogene. Palaios.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2019
Article Reference 3D models related to the publication: A heavyweight early whale pushes the boundaries of vertebrate morphology
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2023
Article Reference 3D reconstruction of fang replacement in the venomous snakes Dendroaspis jamesoni (Elapidae) and Bitis arietans (Viperidae)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference 3D subsurface characterisation of the Belgian Continental Shelf: a new voxel modelling approach
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2019
Article Reference 4DEMON: Integrating 40 Years of Data on PCB and Metal Contamination in Marine Sediments of the Belgian Part of the North Sea
The assessment of historical data is important to understand long-term changes in the marine environment. Whereas time series analyses based on monitoring data typically span one or two decades, this work aimed to integrate 40 years of monitoring and research data on polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and metals in the Belgian Part of the North Sea (BPNS). Multiple challenges were encountered: sampling locations changed over time, different analytical methods were applied, different grain size fractions were analyzed, appropriate co-factors were not always analyzed, and measurement uncertainties were not always indicated. These issues hampered the use of readily available, highly standardized trend modeling approaches like those proposed by regional sea conventions such as OSPAR, named after the Oslo and Paris conventions.Therefore, we applied alternative approaches, allowing us to include most older historical data that have been obtained during the nineteen seventies and eighties. Our approach included reproducible and quality controlled procedures from data collection up to data assessment. It included spatial clustering, data normalization and parametric linear mixed effect modeling. A Ward hierarchical clustering was applied on recently obtained contaminant data, as the basis for a spatial division of the BPNS into five distinct areas with different contamination profiles. To minimize the risk of normalization errors for the metal data analyses, four normalization approaches were applied and mutually compared: granulometric and nickel (Ni) normalization, next to two hybrid normalization methods combining aluminum (Al) and iron (Fe) normalization. The long-term models revealed decreasing trends for most metals, except zinc (Zn) for which three out of four models showed increasing concentrations in all five zones of the BPNS. Offshore sediments contained the lowest normalized mercury (Hg) and cadmium (Cd) concentrations but high arsenic (As) concentrations. Trend analysis revealed a strong decrease in PCB concentrations in the nineteen eighties and nineties, followed by a slight increase over the last decade. The extended timeframe for contaminant assessment, as applied in this study, is of added value for scientists and policy makers, as the approach allows to detect trends and effects of anthropogenic activities within the marine environment within a broad perspective.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2021
Article Reference 13th International Symposium on Aquatic Oligochaeta, Brno, Czech Republic, 7–11 September, 2015
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2016
Article Reference 14C Dating and the reconstruction of the sedimentary environment and occupational history of Saltes (Atlantic coast, Southern Spain).
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference 15th International Symposium on Aquatic Oligochaeta
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2023 OA
Article Reference 33 million year old Myotis (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) and the rapid global radiation of modern bats
The bat genus Myotis is represented by 120+ living species and 40+ extinct species and is found on every continent except Antarctica. The time of divergence of Myotis has been contentious as has the time and place of origin of its encompassing group the Vespertilionidae, the most diverse (450+ species) and widely distributed extant bat family. Fossil Myotis species are common, especially in Europe, beginning in the Miocene but earlier records are poor. Recent study of new specimens from the Belgian early Oligocene locality of Boutersem reveals the presence of a relatively large vespertilionid. Morphological comparison and phylogenetic analysis confirms that the new, large form can be confidently assigned to the genus Myotis, making this record the earliest known for that taxon and extending the temporal range of this extant genus to over 33 million years. This suggests that previously published molecular divergence dates for crown myotines (Myotis) are too young by at least 7 million years. Additionally, examination of first fossil appearance data of 1,011 extant placental mammal genera indicates that only 13 first occurred in the middle to late Paleogene (48 to 33 million years ago) and of these, six represent bats, including Myotis. Paleogene members of both major suborders of Chiroptera (Yangochiroptera and Yinpterochiroptera) include extant genera indicating early establishment of successful and long-term adaptive strategies as bats underwent an explosive radiation near the beginning of the Early Eocene Climatic Optimum in the Old World. A second bat adaptive radiation in the New World began coincident with the Mid-Miocene Climatic Optimum.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2017
Article Reference 59. The peat profile of Rue des Boîteux–Rue d’Argent (BR295), Senne valley, Brussels (Belgium)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022