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Inproceedings Reference Avancées récentes sur le Paléogène inférieur des bassins parisien et belge à partir des mammifères
La compréhension progressive des différents réchauffements climatiques intenses du Paléogène inférieur (PETM, ETM-2, EECO…) a créé un intérêt évident pour une stratigraphie de plus en plus fine des bassins sédimentaires qui ont enregistrés ces événements. Ces derniers, identifiés sur base géochimique, demandent à être corrélés avec les événements biologiques qui en découlent et qui ont été, eux aussi, enregistrés dans ces bassins. Dans ce cadre, les bassins parisien, de Londres et de Belgique, formant le sud du Bassin de la Mer du Nord, représentent des modèles de choix pour la communauté géoscientifique de par leur reconnaissance historique et les étages internationaux Lutétien, Yprésien et Thanétien qu’ils ont respectivement permis de définir. Si les connaissances sur les dépôts marins ont fait d’énormes progrès notamment grâce aux études micropaléontologiques détaillées, qu’en est-il aujourd’hui des dépôts continentaux souvent délaissés par leur complexité à être interprétés? Vingt-cinq ans d’expertise en biochronologie mammalienne de notre équipe bruxelloise et de ses collaborateurs sont ici survolés, mettant en exergue l’utilité des mammifères en stratigraphie et paléogéographie. L’exposé porte tant sur des taxons marqueurs que des faunes entières issues de sites historiques ou nouveaux du Bassin parisien et de son complémentaire le bassin belge (Hainin, Maret, Rivecourt, Dormaal, Erquelinnes, Meudon, Sotteville-sur-Mer, Egem, Oosterzele…). Ainsi, des niveaux de référence de l’échelle biochronologique européenne des mammifères du Paléogène (MP) sont précisés, de nouveaux âges à mammifères européens sont identifiés et la stratigraphie tant à l’échelle locale que nord-ouest européenne est affinée. Malgré tout le travail accompli, les questions sont nombreuses et beaucoup reste à faire tant l’étude des faunes de mammifères est incomplète!
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2021
Inproceedings Reference A new small crocodylian skull from the early Paleocene of Qianshan, Anhui, China reveals an ancient Asian ghost lineage
The Crocodylia include all modern crocodiles, alligators, caimans and gharials, and their extinct relatives. They are an ancient lineage that originated around 70 million years ago. Recently, the field of crocodylian paleontology has experienced a rise in attention from researchers, however, much is still unknown about the early evolution of this group. Our research describes newly discovered fossil material comprised of a small crocodylian skull and associated partial lower jaw of early Paleocene age. It was discovered during a Belgian-Chinese expedition in Qianshan Basin, Anhui Province, China, as part of a bilateral cooperation project between the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences and the Institute of Botany of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. In the present study, the fossil material is formally described for the first time. Micro-CT scans are made to visualize internal anatomical structures, as well as characters hidden by the sediment. A comprehensive morphological study is executed, revealing that the specimen is a juvenile. It likely constitutes a new species and genus, as it differs from other crocodyloids by several autapomorphies. A phylogenetic analysis based on morphological characteristics reveal that this specimen is the most basal taxon among Crocodyloidea, a group that comprises all species more closely related to modern crocodiles than to modern alligators, caimans, or gharials. Although it is not the oldest crocodyloid ever reported, it is the earliest crocodyloid in Asia. Moreover, its basal phylogenetic position implies that it is part of an ancient ghost lineage of crocodyloids that had already been around in Asia for a longer time. The presence of crocodyloid remains in the Late Cretaceous of North America and the late Paleocene of Europe suggests that crocodyloids may have migrated there from Asia early on in their evolutionary history.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2021
Inproceedings Reference A new Chinese partial skeleton revives questions about the multituberculate mammal Kryptobaatar
Multituberculates are an extinct rodent-like order that lived between Late Jurassic and late Eocene, on almost every continent. Due to their extraordinary longevity, their evolutive history is important to understand. One of the most numerous and best-preserved groups is the superfamily Djadochtatherioidea from the Late Cretaceous of the Gobi Desert. All djadochtatherioid genera are monospecific, except Kryptobaatar. The large number of K. dashzevegi fossils come from Outer Mongolia, while the only two specimens found in Bayan Mandahu, Inner Mongolia, China belong to K. mandahuensis. However, a new particularly well-preserved specimen (IMM 99BM-IV/5) found in Bayan Mandahu during the 1990s Sino-Belgian expeditions seems at first sight very close to K. dashzevegi. IMM 99BM-IV/5 consists of a skull associated with cervical and thoracic vertebrae, ribs, shoulder girdle, broken right humerus and an almost complete left forelimb. It is the first specimen for which the hand is described in detail. Based on micro-CT scan and comparison, it appears that IMM 99BM-IV/5 presents morphological characters of both species of Kryptobaatar, as well as new characters of its own. Phylogenetic analysis suggests that IMM 99BM-IV/5 has an intermediate position between K. dashzevegi and K. mandahuensis and could therefore belong to a new species. However, Kryptobaatar is paraphyletic in the resulting tree, which raises again questions about intraspecific variability in multituberculates. Since only 13 specimens of Kryptobaatar out of the hundreds found have been studied, it is impossible to reliably know if IMM 99BM-IV/5 is included in the variability of K. dashzevegi or not. However, it is crucial to know this variability to define whether the genus is monospecific or not. By comparing K. mandahuensis with published specimens, we concluded that it is a valid species. This work also highlighted the lack of knowledge of the variability of the type species K. dashzevegi, without which it is impossible to clearly assign IMM 99BM-IV/5. Finally, endemism alone is not the cause of this variability, but the role of paleoenvironment or age is currently unknown.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2021
Article Reference Tracking the origin of worked elephant ivory of a medieval chess piece from Belgium through analysis of ancient DNA
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022 OA
Article Reference Gene Tree Estimation Error with Ultraconserved Elements: An Empirical Study on Pseudapis Bees
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2021
Article Reference North American Branchiobdellida (Annelida: Clitellata) or Crayfish Worms in France: the most diverse distribution of these exotic ectosymbionts in Europe
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference Body distribution of toxic peptides in larvae of a pergid and an argid sawfly species
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Preprint Reference Somewhere I belong: phylogeny and morphological evolution in a species-rich lineage of ectoparasitic flatworms infecting cichlid fishes
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2021 OA