Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

Personal tools

You are here: Home / Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022 / Genetic analysis reveals a distinct lineage of hog deer (Axis porcinus) in Kratie province, Cambodia

Sandeep K Gupta, Ajit Kumar, Tim van Berkel, Willem-Jan Emsens, Bhim Singh, Sam Puls, Naroeun Rin, and Merlijn Jocque (2022)

Genetic analysis reveals a distinct lineage of hog deer (Axis porcinus) in Kratie province, Cambodia

Journal of Heredity, 113(4):444–452.

The hog deer (Axis porcinus) is an endangered cervid with drastic population declines. There are 2 recognized subspecies of hog deer: A. p. porcinus, ranging from Punjab Province in Pakistan, Nepal, and the Northern part of India to Myanmar, and A. p. annamiticus found in Indo-China, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. The current geographic range of A. p. annamiticus is still ambiguous. We analyzed variation in the mitochondrial DNA control region (mtDNA CR) to investigate the intra-species structure, differentiation, and demographic history of hog deer from Cambodia (Kratie Province), which we compared with the populations from India and Thailand. We also generated divergence time estimates using a concatenated dataset of complete Cyt b and partial CR. The CR data showed that Cambodian hog deer are genetically differentiated from the mainland Indian and Thai populations, forming a distinct basal clade. The time of divergence indicates that the Cambodian lineage split from the other 2 hog deer lineages around 0.51 Mya, during the Late Pleistocene. The results also suggest strong phylogeographic structure among hog deer: lineage A extends from Terai Arc (foothills of the Himalayas) to Assam, India (A. p. porcinus), lineage B from Manipur, India to Thailand (A. p. annamiticus), and lineage C is only known from Kratie Province, Cambodia. Lineage A exhibited a higher level of genetic diversity than lineages B and C, with recent demographic stability. Thus, the hog deer population in Kratie Province appears to be a distinct lineage that should be treated as an evolutionarily significant unit.
Peer Review, International Redaction Board, Impact Factor

Document Actions