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Article Reference Size of the lower carnassial in the arctic and the red fox from Late Pleistocene in Belgium compared to other ancient and extant populations
Lengths, widths, and size proportions (length to width) of the lower carnassial were measured in 45 teeth of the arctic fox and 35 teeth of the red fox from Belgium radiocarbon dated to 46 640–14 120 ka BP. Data the Late Pleistocene foxes from Belgium were compared to 20 ancient and extant populations form Europe, Asia, and North America. The Pleistocene arctic fox from Belgium showed larger carnassial than in all recent samples of this species, whereas the Belgian fossil red foxes were characterized by the carnassial size comparable to that of the recent Siberian red foxes. Both fox species from the Pleistocene of Belgium showed the highest index of the carnassials length to width, which means increase in carnivorous adaptation. We conclude that the higher level of carnivorous specialization reached by the Belgian arctic and red foxes at the end of the Late Pleistocene reflected their scavenging on kills of large carnivores and human hunters (remains of megafauna). Harsh environmental conditions of that period and specific composition of ecosystems led to adapting to a more carnivorous food niche in both foxes.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Inbook Reference Could incipient dogs have enhanced differential access to resources among Upper Palaeolithic hunter-gatherers in Europe?
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference Consumption of canid meat at the Gravettian Předmostí site, the Czech Republic
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2017
Article Reference Six new species of Paciocinebrina (Gastropoda: Muricidae: Ocenebrinae) from the northeast Pacific
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference The Orania fischeriana complex in the Indo-West Pacific and description of a new Cytharomorula species (Gastropoda, Muricidae, Ergalataxinae) from Hawaii
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference Metabarcoding free‐living marine nematodes using curated 18S and CO1 reference sequence databases for species‐level taxonomic assignments
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2018
Article Reference Resource niches of co-occurring invertebrate species at an offshore wind turbine indicate a substantial degree of trophic plasticity
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference Functional differences in trophic structure of offshore wind farm communities: a stable isotope study
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference Predynastic and Early Dynastic plant economy in the Nile Delta: archaeobotanical evidence from Tell el-Iswid
The large-scale excavation at the prehistoric site of Tell el-Iswid made it possible to undertake a systematic archaeobotanical study of different structures covering the Predynastic and Early Dynastic period (Lower Egyptian Cultures (Buto II) to Naqada III Culture. Here we present the results of the analysis of carpological remains preserved mostly in charred state and coming from 62 samples processed by manual flotation, with total volume of 615 litres and containing a total of 9672 identifiable and quantifiable items. Further ca. 650 wood fragments (or woody vegetative remains) were subject to anthracological analysis. Besides the aim of overall characterising and exploring the plant economy of the site, the macrobotanical assemblages were also considered in relation to the structures from which they were uncovered. The study revealed that the agricultural economy of both studied periods relied on emmer, barley, lentils, and pea, but from the Early Dynastic times onwards also flax and condiments (like Anethum graveolens and cf. Origanum sp.) played a certain role. Together with the cultivated fields also the surrounding wetlands were an important part of the plant resources utilized at site. The stems of Phragmites are also the most common among the anthracological remains, together with a small proportion of Tamarix and Acacia charcoal fragments. The overall composition of the plant assemblages (charred and mineralised chaff, small weed or wild growing seeds capable to pass the herbivore digestion, dung fragments, awns) suggest that the major source of the retrieved plant remains was dung fuel.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2023 OA
Article Reference Chièvres/Chièvres : témoins archéobotaniques d'un tannage végétal complexe à l'époque contemporaine
Entre 2013 et 2015, une opération d'archéologie préventive d'envergure a été menée dans la commune de Chièvres par le Service Archéologique de Wallonie. Lors des travaux d’installation du collecteur d’eaux usées pour la station d’épuration, deux cuves d’une tannerie datant du 19ème siècle ont été découvertes. L'une des deux cuves a pu faire l’objet d’une fouille exhaustive et son remplissage a livré des matériaux organiques propices aux études archéobotaniques. Celles-ci ont été entreprises afin d'éclairer le fonctionnement de la tannerie et de fournir des informations sur le type de tannage utilisé. Le tannage est l'opération qui consiste à transformer la peau en cuir grâce aux tanins ; ces substances de différentes natures (végétales, minérales ou combinées) permettent la transformation d'une peau putrescible en un matériau durable et imputrescible. Sans surprise, les assemblages polliniques enregistrent de nombreux taxons riches en tanin tels que les arbres forestiers chêne, hêtre et châtaignier, et les fruitiers de type Prunus sp.. Parallèlement, des écorces de feuillus indéterminés ont été trouvées au sein des macrorestes végétaux. Ont aussi été identifiés dans les spectres polliniques certaines espèces herbacées (Artemisia, Plantago, Filipendula) et d'autres microfossiles intéressants, qui ont également pu jouer un rôle dans le processus de tannage étant donné leurs propriétés astringentes, antiseptiques, ou encore colorantes. Mais les découvertes les plus frappantes concernent le matériel carpologique avec l’identification de nombreux noyaux de dattes (Phoenix dactylifera) et de noyaux très fragmentés de Myrobolan ou cadou (Terminalia chebula), deux espèces exotiques importées. Autant la présence de la datte suscite des interrogations, autant la présence du Myrobolan ou cadou a toute sa place dans ce contexte. En effet, dès le début du 20ème siècle, le fruit séché du Myrobolan est l'une des matières tannantes les plus connues, exportée de manière considérable, principalement de Bombay (Brandis 1906). Au cours de cette présentation, nous essayerons également de reconstituer, ou tout du moins d'appréhender, le mode de tannage pratiqué à Chièvres, grâce aux analyses des micro- et macro-restes botaniques retrouvés. De plus, sur la base de recherches historiques et archivistiques, nous tenterons de comprendre l'importation, la distribution et l'utilisation du cadou en Belgique à l'époque contemporaine.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2024