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Inproceedings Reference La mort des ammonites, délice turc : quatre nouveaux sites de la limite Crétacé/Tertiaire documentant deux faunes d'ammonoïdes finmaastrichtiennes très différentes et contemporaines du volcanisme du Deccan
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2018
Article Reference Revision of the Eurybrachidae (XV). The Oriental genus Purusha Distant, 1906 with two new species and a key to the genera of Eurybrachini (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Eurybrachidae)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference Paropeas achatinaceum (Pfeiffer, 1846) and other alien Subuline and Opeatine land snails in European greenhouses (Gastropoda, Achatinidae)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference Extension of the phasmid genus Presbistus to Cambodia with a new species and notes on genitalia and captive breeding (Phasmida, Aschiphasmatidae, Aschiphasmatinae)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022 OA
Inproceedings Reference Brain evolution of early placental mammals: the impact of the end-Cretaceous mass extinction on the the neurosensory system of our distant relatives
The end-Cretaceous mass extinction, 66 million years ago, profoundly reshaped the biodiversity of our planet. After likely originating in the Cretaceous, placental mammals (species giving live birth to well-developed young) survived the extinction and quickly diversified in the ensuing Paleocene. Compared to Mesozoic species, extant placentals have advanced neurosensory abilities, enabled by a proportionally large brain with an expanded neocortex. This brain construction was acquired by the Eocene, but its origins, and how its evolution relates to extinction survivorship and recovery, are unclear, because little is known about the neurosensory systems of Paleocene species. We used high-resolution computed tomography (CT) scanning to build digital brain models in 29 extinct placentals (including 23 from the Paleocene). We added these to data from the literature to construct a database of 98 taxa, from the Jurassic to the Eocene, which we assessed in a phylogenetic context. We find that the Phylogenetic Encephalization Quotient (PEQ), a measure of relative brain size, increased in the Cretaceous along branches leading to Placentalia, but then decreased in Paleocene clades (taeniodonts, phenacodontids, pantodonts, periptychids, and arctocyonids). Later, during the Eocene, the PEQ increased independently in all crown groups (e.g., euarchontoglirans and laurasiatherians). The Paleocene decline in PEQ was driven by body mass increasing much more rapidly after the extinction than brain volume. The neocortex remained small, relative to the rest of the brain, in Paleocene taxa and expanded independently in Eocene crown groups. The relative size of the olfactory bulbs, however, remained relatively stable over time, except for a major decrease in Euarchontoglires and some Eocene artiodactyls, while the petrosal lobules (associated with eye movement coordination) decreased in size in Laurasiatheria but increased in Euarchontoglires. Our results indicate that an enlarged, modern-style brain was not instrumental to the survival of placental mammal ancestors at the end-Cretaceous, nor to their radiation in the Paleocene. Instead, opening of new ecological niches post-extinction promoted the diversification of larger body sizes, while brain and neocortex sizes lagged behind. The independent increase in PEQ in Eocene crown groups is related to the expansion of the neocortex, possibly a response to ecological specialization as environments changed, long after the extinction. Funding Sources Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions, European Research Council Starting Grant, National Science Foundation, Belgian Science Policy Office, DMNS No Walls Community Initiative.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference A new genus and species of Cicada from Vietnam: Cochloeopsaltria duffelsi gen. et. sp. nov. (Hemiptera: Cicadomorpha: Cicadidae)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2017
Article Reference A new species of Derobrachus Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Prioninae) from a cloud forest in Honduras
Located in Library / RBINS collections by external author(s)
Inproceedings Reference Pérénité et propriété des collections numériques de paléontologie de l'Institut royal des Sceinces naturelles de Belgique
Depuis près de 10 ans, l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique (IRSNB) s’équipe d’outils divers et variés pour numériser et valoriser ses 38 millions de spécimens : système de photostaking, microscope électronique à balayage, photogrammétrie en lumière structurée, micro- et nano-CT scanners et plus récemment scanner surfacique mobile. En Paléontologie, troisième plus grande collection sur les six que compte l’IRSNB, la priorité est pour l’instant donnée aux spécimens dits “Types et Figurés”. Avec plus de 40.000 spécimens types et figurés sur plus de 3 millions dans les collections générales, il y a déjà du pain sur la planche. Dans ce cadre, la plateforme numérique maison « Open Source » nommée Virtual Collections « virtualcollections.naturalsciences.be » permet l’accès aux images et aux modèles tridimensionnels de ces spécimens de référence. C’est alors que se posent les questions de la pérennité et de la propriété des images. Les images réalisées à l’IRSNB ne posent pas de problèmes car elles sont protégées par une licence CC BY NC ND et sont conservées sur une plateforme de la Politique scientifique fédérale (BELSPO = ministère belge des affaires scientifiques) afin de pérenniser l’accès aux collections numériques. En revanche, qu’en est-il des images réalisées par d’autres institutions et déposées sur des plateformes externes telles que Morphosource, Digimorph, MorphoMuseuM, pour ne citer que les plus connues? Ces images et modèles des spécimens de l’IRSNB sont-ils également protégés, notamment contre des pratiques commerciales et qui sont les réels détenteurs des droits à l’image? Nous décrivons ici les divers cas de figures et tentons de répondre à ces questions qui taraudent de plus en plus les grands musées de histoires naturelles.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2021
Article Reference Empidoid flies from Cabo Verde (Diptera, Empidoidea, Dolichopodidade and Hybotidae) are not only composed of Old World tropical species
Located in Library / No RBINS Staff publications
Article Reference Moth flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from the Belgian transition of the Atlantic to the Central European Faunal zones
Located in Library / No RBINS Staff publications