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Bouchra Nechad and Kevin Ruddick (2010)

A model of diffuse attenuation of downwelling irradiance for ecosystem models

In: REMOTE SENSING OF THE COASTAL OCEAN, LAND, AND ATMOSPHERE ENVIRONMENT, ed. by Frouin, RJ and Yoo, HR and Won, JS and Feng, A, vol. 7858, SPIE;. Proceedings of SPIE (ISBN: 978-0-8194-8388-1).

Estimation of the underwater attenuation of light is important to ecosystem modellers, who require information on Photosynthetically Available Radiation (PAR), and on the euphotic depth for calculation of primary production. Characterisation of these processes can be achieved by determining the diffuse attenuation coefficient of PAR, KPAR. A review of bio-optical models of the spectral diffuse attenuation coefficient for downwelling irradiance, K-d, is presented and stresses the necessity for a better knowledge and parameterization of these coefficients. In the second part of this work, radiative transfer simulations were carried out to model K-dZ1\% the spectral diffuse attenuation of downwelling irradiance averaged over the euphotic depth Z(1\%) (depth where the downwelling irradiance is 1\% of its surface value). This model takes into account the effects of varying sun zenith angle and cloud cover and needs absorption and backscattering coefficients (the inherent optical properties, IOPs) as input. It provides average and maximum relative errors of 1\% and 5\% respectively, for sun zenith angles [0 degrees-50 degrees] and of 1.7\% and 12\% respectively at higher sun zenith angles. A relationship was established between K-dZ1\% at a single wavelength (590nm) and KPAR at Z(PAR1\%) (where PAR is 1\% of its value at the surface) which allows for a direct expression of KPAR(ZPAR1\%) in terms of inherent optical properties, sun angle and cloudiness. This model provides estimates of KPAR within 25\% (respectively 40\%) relative errors respectively with a mean relative error less than 7\% (respectively 9\%) for sun zenith angles ranging from 0 degrees to 50 degrees (respectively higher than 50 degrees). A similar method is applied to derive a model for the diffuse attenuation of photosynthetically usable radiation, KPURZPUR1\%, with similar performance.

Abstract of an Oral Presentation or a Poster
Conference on Remote Sensing of the Coastal Ocean, Land, and Atmosphere Environment, Incheon, SOUTH KOREA, OCT 13-14, 2010
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