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Y. Basset, L. Cizek, P. Cuenoud, R. K Didham, F. Guilhaumon, O. Missa, V. Novotny, F. Odegaard, T. Roslin, J. Schmidl, A. K Tishechkin, N. N Winchester, D. W Roubik, H. P Aberlenc, J. Bail, H. Barrios, J. R Bridle, G. Castano-Meneses, B. Corbara, G. Curletti, W. Duarte da Rocha, D. De Bakker, J. H Delabie, A. Dejean, L. L Fagan, A. Floren, R. L Kitching, E. Medianero, S. E Miller, E. Gama de Oliveira, J. Orivel, M. Pollet, M. Rapp, S. P Ribeiro, Y. Roisin, J. B Schmidt, L. Sorensen, and M. Leponce (2012)

Arthropod diversity in a tropical forest

Science, 338(6113):1481-4.

Most eukaryotic organisms are arthropods. Yet, their diversity in rich terrestrial ecosystems is still unknown. Here we produce tangible estimates of the total species richness of arthropods in a tropical rainforest. Using a comprehensive range of structured protocols, we sampled the phylogenetic breadth of arthropod taxa from the soil to the forest canopy in the San Lorenzo forest, Panama. We collected 6144 arthropod species from 0.48 hectare and extrapolated total species richness to larger areas on the basis of competing models. The whole 6000-hectare forest reserve most likely sustains 25,000 arthropod species. Notably, just 1 hectare of rainforest yields 60\% of the arthropod biodiversity held in the wider landscape. Models based on plant diversity fitted the accumulated species richness of both herbivore and nonherbivore taxa exceptionally well. This lends credence to global estimates of arthropod biodiversity developed from plant models.

Peer Review, International Redaction Board, Impact Factor
Climate, Animals, &, *Biodiversity, Arthropods/*anatomy, Rain, Tropical, Trees, Herbivory, histology/*classification
IF2011: 31.2 Basset, Yves Cizek, Lukas Cuenoud, Philippe Didham, Raphael K Guilhaumon, Francois Missa, Olivier Novotny, Vojtech Odegaard, Frode Roslin, Tomas Schmidl, Jurgen Tishechkin, Alexey K Winchester, Neville N Roubik, David W Aberlenc, Henri-Pierre Bail, Johannes Barrios, Hector Bridle, Jon R Castano-Meneses, Gabriela Corbara, Bruno Curletti, Gianfranco Duarte da Rocha, Wesley De Bakker, Domir Delabie, Jacques H C Dejean, Alain Fagan, Laura L Floren, Andreas Kitching, Roger L Medianero, Enrique Miller, Scott E Gama de Oliveira, Evandro Orivel, Jerome Pollet, Marc Rapp, Mathieu Ribeiro, Servio P Roisin, Yves Schmidt, Jesper B Sorensen, Line Leponce, Maurice New York, N.Y. Science. 2012 Dec 14;338(6113):1481-4. doi: 10.1126/science.1226727.
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