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You are here: Home / Library / RBINS Staff Publications / New data on the late Neandertals: direct dating of the Belgian Spy fossils.

Patrick Semal, Helene Rougier, Isabelle Crevecoeur, Cecile Jungels, Damien Flas, Anne Hauzeur, Bruno Maureille, Mietje Germonpre, Herve Bocherens, Stephane Pirson, Laurence Cammaert, Nora De Clerck, Anne Hambucken, Thomas Higham, Michel Toussaint, and Johannes van der Plicht (2009)

New data on the late Neandertals: direct dating of the Belgian Spy fossils.

American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 138(4):421-8.

In Eurasia, the period between 40,000 and 30,000 BP saw the replacement of Neandertals by anatomically modern humans (AMH) during and after the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition. The human fossil record for this period is very poorly defined with no overlap between Neandertals and AMH on the basis of direct dates. Four new (14)C dates were obtained on the two adult Neandertals from Spy (Belgium). The results show that Neandertals survived to at least approximately 36,000 BP in Belgium and that the Spy fossils may be associated to the Lincombian-Ranisian-Jerzmanowician, a transitional techno-complex defined in northwest Europe and recognized in the Spy collections. The new data suggest that hypotheses other than Neandertal acculturation by AMH may be considered in this part of Europe.

Peer Review, Impact Factor, International Redaction Board, RBINS Collection(s)
RBINS Collections / Spy Cave, Twiesselmann (1950') / Spy-92b :
  • PMID: 19003923
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