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You are here: Home / Associated publications / Belgian Journal of Zoology / Bibliographic References / Effects of neem plant (Azadirachta indica juss, meliaceae) products on maize grain consumption by three common rodent pests in Kenya

N Oguge, D Ndung'u, and P Okemo (1997)

Effects of neem plant (Azadirachta indica juss, meliaceae) products on maize grain consumption by three common rodent pests in Kenya


We investigated the effect of neem plant (Azadirachta indica) products on maize grain consumption and body weights of Lemniscomys striatus, Mastomys natalensis and Arvicanthis niloticus live trapped in a Kenyan sub-humid grassland. The rodents were fed on oven dried crushed maize grains (mean wt=0.04 +/- 0.003 g each, n=300) either plain, adulterated with neem derivative or with powder from leaf or fruit. Consumption over a five-day period and body weights (pre-and post-treatment) were recorded. Leaf derivative lowered consumption by 50.3 \%, 51 \% and 59.8 \% and the powder by 13.4\%, 12.4\% and 25.1\%, respectively, by L. striatus, M. natalensis and A. niloticus. Neem fruit derivative and powder, respectively, depressed consumption for L. striatus (54.4 \% and 22.6 \%), M. natalensis (49.3\% and 25.1\%) and A. niloticus (60.4\% and 27.7\%). Post treatment body weights for all species were reduced by 9.3\% (leaf) and 12.6\%(fruit derivative) with a respective mortality rate of 7\% and 20 \%. Our study showed that neem products significantly (p<0.001) lowered maize grain consumption in the three pests with the derivative being more effective than the powder (p<0.05). In the provision of effective repellent properties, formulation was more important than plant parts alone. Azadirachta products, due to their repellent effects, have potential in dry maize seed protection and may form a useful component in the development of an integrated pest management (IPM) strategy for rodents in Africa.

neem; repellent; pests; Mastomys; Lemniscomys; Arvicanthis
International Workshop on Rodent Biology and Integrated Pest Management in Africa, MOROGORO, TANZANIA, OCT 21-25, 1996
  • ISSN: 0777-6276

ISSN 2295-0451 (online version)
ISSN 0777-6279 (printed version)
impact factor 2015: 0,87.

Prof. Dr. Isa Schön
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences
Vautierstraat 29
1000 Brussels, Belgium


Annales de la Société malacologique de Belgique
​Annales de la Société royale malacologique et zoologique de Belgique
Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique
Belgian Journal of Zoology