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You are here: Home / Associated publications / Belgian Journal of Zoology / Bibliographic References / Gender specific behavioural patterns of captive alpine musk deer (Moschus sifanicus)

Meng Xiuxiang, Yang Qisen, Feng Zuojian, Xu Hongfa, Genevieve Perkins, Zhao Changjie, Hui Cenyi, Feng Jinchao, and Zhou Yijun (2008)

Gender specific behavioural patterns of captive alpine musk deer (Moschus sifanicus)


Alpine musk deer (Moschus sifanicus) have evolved behavioural characteristics which have contributed to their survival and proliferation in a unique environmental niche. Understanding these characteristics, specifically those relating to gender is vital in developing appropriate social and economic management systems for captive farming. This study compared the behavioural patterns of female and male captive musk deer to explore differences in gender. Thirty two adult captive musk deer, 19 males and 13 females, were observed from August 2002 to January 2003, at Xinglongshan Musk Deer Farm (XMDF) Gansu Province, China. The frequencies of 12 behavioural categories were recorded and compared between the two sexes. The results showed (1) that behavioural patterns were similar between female and male deer, (2) that female alpine musk deer can express male specific behaviour, such as tail-pasting and, (3) that gender differences in feeding and ruminating behaviour may be related to energy requirement and resource allocation patterns.

alpine musk deer (Moschus sifanicus); captivity; behavioural patterns; gender
  • ISSN: 0777-6276

ISSN 2295-0451 (online version)
ISSN 0777-6279 (printed version)
impact factor 2015: 0,87.

Prof. Dr. Isa Schön
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences
Vautierstraat 29
1000 Brussels, Belgium


Annales de la Société malacologique de Belgique
​Annales de la Société royale malacologique et zoologique de Belgique
Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique
Belgian Journal of Zoology