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Inproceedings Reference Un manuel de terrain pour standardiser les prélèvements des restes biologiques : une nécessité ou un luxe ? trois années d’expérience belge
Sur un chantier de fouille, l’archéologue est très fréquemment confronté à des vestiges organiques, ou biorestes. Qu’ils soient visibles ou invisibles, rares ou abondants, ils sont souvent source de questionnements : que prélever ? Où, comment et en quelle quantité ? Quelles sont les conditions de stockage idéales ¬? Quelle est la marche à suivre pour tamiser les sédiments ? Confrontés à des prélèvements très disparates, souvent à vue, ou sans réelle question de recherche ainsi qu’à des méthodologies d’extraction très différentes, l’équipe d’archéosciences de l’Institut royal des Sciences naturelles de Belgique a décidé de rédiger un ouvrage visant à répondre aux questions des archéologues et à standardiser les processus d’échantillonnage afin de pouvoir disposer d’un matériel d’étude pertinent et cohérent. Nous mentionnerons les problématiques qui ont concouru à la genèse de ce manuel par quelques exemples de terrain, parcourrons rapidement ce qu'il propose et ce qu'il n'aborde pas et ferons un bilan de son impact auprès des archéologues quelques années après sa première parution fin 2016.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2019
Inproceedings Reference Towards Estimating the Biogeochemical Footprint of an Offshore Windfarm
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference Identification des phases minérales par DRX et EDS dans les processus d'altération des pyrites et des marcassites : applications aux collections de Préhistoire, de Paléontologie et de Minéralogie de l’IRSNB aux briquets
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2016
Inbook Reference Une autre analyse fonctionnelle de Darion-Colia, site fossoyé du Rubané récent de Belgique : Des faits archéologiques conduisant aux fonctionnements socio-économiques ?
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference New material of Australophoca (Carnivora, Phocidae) from the late Miocene of Peru suggests sexual dimorphism in the smallest, early-branching monachine seal
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2017
Article Reference Evolution of high-frequency hearing in odontocetes (Mammalia: Cetacea)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference New insights on the brain, tooth development, and feeding specializations of the sirenian Miosirenkocki(Trichechidae, Sirenia) as revealed by CT
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Inproceedings Reference New specimens of Indohyaenodon raoi from the Early Eocene of Vastan Mine, India and their implication for phylogeny and biogeography of Hyaenodontid mammals
Cambaytherium, Nakusia, and Kalitherium are closely related early Eocene mammals from the Indo-Pakistan region that have been assigned to Perissodactyla (Laurasiatheria) or Anthracobunidae. The latter have been variously considered artiodactyls or perissodactyls, but more recently are usually placed at the base of the order Proboscidea or of the more inclusive Tethytheria (Afrotheria). We present new evidence from the dentition, skull, and postcranial skeleton of Cambaytherium, from Gujarat, India (ca. 54.5 Ma), that cambaytheres occupy a pivotal position as the sister taxon of Perissodactyla. Cambaytherium was more robust than basal perissodactyls such as ″Hyracotherium″ and Homogalax, and had a body mass of ~25-27 kg based on humeral, radial, and dental regressions. Perissodactyl synapomorphies include a transverse nasal-frontal suture, twinned molar metaconids, and an astragalus with deeply grooved trochlea and a saddleshaped navicular facet. Like perissodactyls, cambaytheres are mesaxonic and have hooflike unguals and a cursorially-adapted skeleton. Plesiomorphic traits compared to basal perissodactyls include bunodont molars with large conules and almost no hint of bilophodonty, unmolarized premolars, sacrum with four vertebrae, humerus with distally extensive pectoral crest and distal articulation lacking a capitular tail, distal radius without discrete scaphoid and lunate fossae, femur with low greater trochanter, calcaneus robust and wide with rounded ectal facet, astragalus wide with moderately long neck and vestigial astragalar foramen, navicular and cuboid short and wide, metapodials short and robust, and Mc I and Mt V present. In most or all of these traits cambaytheres are intermediate between phenacodontid condylarths and perissodactyls but closer to the latter. Our phylogenetic analyses place cambaytheres just outside perissodactyls, and place anthracobunids among primitive perissodactyls. However, similarities between cambaytheres and anthracobunids suggest that they are closely related, and future discovery of skeletal material of anthracobunids will provide a test of this hypothesis. Our results indicate that Anthracobunidae are not Proboscidea or tethytheres, and suggest that the origin of Perissodactyla may have taken place on the drifting Indian plate. How the progenitors of perissodactyls reached India is more problematic but might have involved land connections with Afro-Arabia during the Paleocene. Field work and research supported by the National Geographic Society.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference A new genus and species of Pliocene dolphin (Cetacea: Odontoceti: Inioidea) from North Carolina, U.S.A.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference A new pithanodelphinine dolphin from the Miocene of Peru and the origin of modern delphinidan families
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications