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Article Reference Organic matter processing in a [simulated] offshore wind farm ecosystem in current and future climate and aquaculture scenarios
The rapid development of blue economy and human use of offshore space triggered the concept of co-location of ma- rine activities and is causing diverse local pressures on the environment. These pressures add to, and interact with, global challenges such as ocean acidification and warming. This study investigates the combined pressures of climate change and the planned co-location of offshore wind farm (OWF) and aquaculture zones on the carbon flow through epifaunal communities inhabiting wind turbines in the North Sea. A 13 C-labelled phytoplankton pulse-chase experi- ment was performed in mesocosms (4 m 3 ) holding undisturbed hard-substrate (HS) communities, natural sediment with infauna, and mobile invertebrate predators. Carbon assimilation was quantified under current and predicted future-climate conditions (+3 °C and −0.3 pH units), as well as a future-climate co-use scenario with blue mussel (Mytilus edulis) aquaculture. Climate change induced an increase in macrofaunal carbon assimilation as well as an organic enrichment of underlying sediments. Dynamic (non-)trophic links between M. edulis and other HS epifauna resulted in shifts among the species contributing most to the phytoplankton-derived carbon flow across climate scenar- ios. Increased inter- and intraspecific resource competition in the presence of M. edulis aquaculture prevented a large increase in the total assimilation of phytoplankton by HS fauna. Lower individual carbon assimilation rates by both mussels and other epifauna suggest that if filter capacity by HS epifauna would approach renewal by advection/ mixing, M. edulis individuals would likely grow to a smaller-than-desired commercial size. In the same scenario, ben- thic organic carbon mineralisation was significantly boosted due to increased organic matter deposition by the aqua- culture set-up. Combining these results with in situ OWF abundance data confirmed M. edulis as the most impactful OWF AHS species in terms of (total) carbon assimilation as well as the described stress responses due to climate change and the addition of bivalve aquaculture.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022
Inproceedings Reference Taxonomic and phylogenetic study of the late Oligocene heterodont odontocete Eosqualodon langewieschei provides clues about the emergence of modern toothed whales
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022
Article Reference Revision of the lanternfly genus Limois Stål, 1863 (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Fulgoridae) with description of a new species from China
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Inproceedings Reference Shallow-water holothuroid (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea) biodiversity and biogeography of the subtropical coast of South Africa
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Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference Taxonomy of the monotypic genus Koehleria Cherbonnier, 1988 (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea: Cucumariidae)
Voucher material recently collected from the 2-Mile Reef at Sodwana Bay (Republic of South Africa), allows the evaluation of the monotypic genus Koehleria Cherbonnier, 1988 and its species K. unica Cherbonnier, 1988 collected from Tuléar (Madagascar). Cherbonnier’s (1988) conclusion, that Koehleria is most related to the also monotypic genus Pseudocolochirus Pearson, 1910 is correct, but the differences between Koehleria and Pseudocolochirus are too small to justify the retention of Koehleria. Koehleria is relegated herein to the synonymy of Pseudocolochirus. Such a step decreases the velocity with which monotypic genera are currently described within the Dendrochirotida.
Located in Library / No RBINS Staff publications
Article Reference Sea Cucumbers of the Comoros Archipelago
Sea cucumbers have been harvested for centuries in the Far East. Overexploitation, coupled with increasing demand has led to local depletion of certain standing stocks. De novo investigation at Grande Comore (one of the four main islands of the Comoros Archipelago) allows reappraisal of local holothuroid biodi- versity. Comparison with neighbouring areas allows extrapolation of holothuroid species richness to the rest of the archipelago. The current exploitation of holothuroids has been documented and there are definite signs of overexploitation. Conservation measures are urgently needed if exploitation of sea cucumbers in this area is to become sustainable in the near future.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference A new species of Actinopyga (Holothuroidea: Aspidochirotida: Holothuriidae)
Actinopyga is one of the five genera commonly recognised in the family Holothuriidae. This small genus has sixteen species currently considered valid. The present paper describes a new Indo-West Pacific species, Actinopyga caerulea, of which the most striking character is its bluish coloration. The ossicle assemblage of the new species resembles mostly that of A. bannwarthi Panning, 1944 and A. flammea Cherbonnier, 1979.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference Interdisciplinaire studie van tuinbouwactiviteiten: archeobotanisch, geoarcheologisch en archeozoölogisch onderzoek van de laatmiddeleeuwse zwarte lagen van de Kreupelenstraat/Zilverstraat (BHG/RBC)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference Brucity/Parking 58 : Un ancien quai de Senne (XVe siècle) (RBC/BHG)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference De la graine aux champs et à l’assiette: la carpologie, une autre manière d’approcher l’Histoire
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020