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You are here: Home / Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2017 / Biology and fisheries of the spotted flounder (Citharus linguatula) caught by multiple gears with partial spatiotemporal overlaps

Marianna Pappa, Anastasiia Chychykalo, Martha Koutsidi, Ninon Mavraki, Evgenia Lefkaditou, Constantin Koutsikopoulos and Evangelos Tzanatos (2017)

Biology and fisheries of the spotted flounder (Citharus linguatula) caught by multiple gears with partial spatiotemporal overlaps

Aquatic Living Resources, 30(32):1-15.

Obtaining data to study fish biology can be a challenge if a stock is fished by a variety of gears with different effort units and different selectivity, particularly if these gears only partially overlap in space and time. In this work, we attempted to study the biology of the spotted flounder Citharus linguatula in the Patraikos Gulf and the adjacent central Ionian Sea (eastern Mediterranean) and to evaluate the current fisheries management. We characterized age composition and growth, length-at-maturity, and catch-perunit- effort (CPUE) of spotted flounder from the catches of bottom trawls, gillnets and trammel nets for the period autumn 2013–2014. Variation of fish total length, gonadosomatic index, hepatosomatic index and condition factor was analyzed using generalized additive models (GAMs) with regard to sex, date, fishing gear and depth.We also modeled CPUE fluctuations of each gear by date, depth, longitude and latitude using GAMs. Fish age ranged from 1 to 5 years. A slightly allometric growth was documented with females attaining larger sizes than males. Length-at-maturity was 163mm for females and 169mm for males. The seasonal change of gonad maturity stages and the gonadosomatic index indicated spawning in late summerautumn. Changes in length frequencies indicated that recruitment to the fisheries occurred in late springearly winter in shallow depth (<40 m). The catch composition of trawls and the CPUE model results suggested that the selectivity of this gear should be regulated to reduce catching immature individuals of spotted flounder. The results further indicated that the seasonal trawl closure of the Patraikos Gulf contributes to reduce catching juveniles.
Peer Review, International Redaction Board
Fishes, Greece; benthic assemblages; sewage effluent; organic loading, Mediterranean region
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