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Article Reference The new Oriental stick insect genus Baculomia gen.nov. with two new species from Vietnam including the first stick insect feeding on sugarcan (Phasmida, Phasmatidae, Clitumninae, Clitumnini)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2019
Techreport Reference Environmental impacts of offshore wind farms in the Belgian part of the North Sea: Emperical evidence inspiring priority monitoring, research and management
This report, targeting marine scientists, marine managers and policy makers, and offshore wind farm developers, presents an overview of the scientific findings of the Belgian offshore wind farm environmental monitoring programme (WinMon. BE), based on data collected up to and including 2019.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2020
Article Reference The Macquenoise sandstone (Devonian – Lochkovian), a suitable raw material for ancient querns and millstones: quarries, properties, manufacture and distribution in France and Belgium
ABSTRACT. For some years, a French-Belgian team of archaeologists and geologists is investigating the provenance of ancient quern-stones and millstones. Their study revealed the frequent occurrence of particular coarse sandstones derived from Lower Devonian strata in the Ardenne region, known as either the “Arkose of Haybes” by geologists or the “Arkose of Macquenoise” by archaeologists. Material for Late Iron Age and Roman quern-stones and millstones was quarried from open pits located west of the border between France and Belgium, between the Belgian village of Macquenoise (Commune of Momignies, Province of Hainaut) and the French town of Hirson (Aisne Department, Hauts-de-France region). This paper describes the raw materials, presents the different types of grindstones produced through historical times and provides a detailed diffusion map of the millstones. KEYWORDS: arkose, Lochkovian, milling stone, Gallo-Roman quarry, distribution area, geoheritage.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2018
Article Reference Changes in chlorophyll concentration and phenology in the North Sea in relation to de‐eutrophication and sea surface warming
At least two major drivers of phytoplankton production have changed in recent decades in the North Sea: sea surface temperature (SST) has increased by ~ 1.6°C between 1988 and 2014, and the nitrogen and phosphorus loads from surrounding rivers have decreased from the mid‐1980s onward, following reduction policies. Long time series spanning four decades (1975–2015) of nutrients, chlorophyll (Chl), and pH measurements in the Southern and Central North Sea were analyzed to assess the impact of both the warming and the de‐eutrophication trends on Chl. The de‐eutrophication process, detectable in the reduction of nutrient river loads to the sea, caused a decrease of nutrient concentrations in coastal waters under riverine influence. A decline in annual mean Chl was observed at 11 out of 18 sampling sites (coastal and offshore) in the period 1988–2016. Also, a shift in Chl phenology was observed around 2000, with spring bloom formation occurring earlier in the year. A long time series of pH in the Southern North Sea showed an increase until the mid‐1980s followed by a rapid decrease, suggesting changes in phytoplankton production that would support the observed changes in Chl. Linear correlations, however, did not reveal significant relationships between Chl variability and winter nutrients or SST at the sampling sites. We propose that the observed changes in Chl (annual or seasonal) around 2000 are a response of phytoplankton dynamics to multiple stressors, directly or indirectly influenced by de‐eutrophication and climate warming.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2019
Article Reference Salinity predicts the distribution of chlorophyll a spring peak in the southern North Sea continental waters
In the North Sea, the coastal waters of Belgium and The Netherlands regularly exhibit intense spring phytoplankton blooms where species such as Phaeocystis recurrently form a potential ecological nuisance. In the Belgian and Dutch continental shelves (BCS and DCS), we observe a direct correlation between the chlorophyll a spring maximum (Chlmax) and the nutrients (DIN and DIP) available for the bloom. As the nutrients are themselves strongly correlated with salinity, a rationale is developed to predict Chlmax from winter salinity. The proposed rationale is first tested in a theoretical case with a 3D-biogeochemical model (3D-MIRO&CO). The method is then applied to independent sets of in situ observations over 20 years in the BCS and the DCS, and to continuous FerryBox data in April 2008. Linear regressions explain the relationships between winter nutrients and winter salinity (R2 = 0.88 to 0.97 with model results, and R2 = 0.83 to 0.96 with in situ data). The relationship between Chlmax and the available nutrients across the salinity gradient is also explained by yearly linear regressions (R2 = 0.82 to 0.94 with model results, and R2 = 0.46 to 0.98 with in situ data). Empirical ‘DIP requirement’ and ‘DIN requirement’ for the spring biomass bloom formation are derived from the latter relationships. They depend i.a. on the losses from phytoplankton during the spring bloom formation, and therefore show some interannual variability (8–12% for DIP and 13–20% for DIN). The ratio between nutrient requirements allows predicting in winter which nutrient will eventually limit the spring biomass bloom along the salinity gradient. DIP will generally be limiting in the coastal zone, whereas DIN will generally be limiting offshore, the switch occurring typically at salinity 33.5 in the BCS and 33.6 in the DCS. N reduction should be prioritized to limit Phaeocystis in the coastal zone, with target winter DIN:DIP ratios below 34.4 molN molP−1 in the BCS, or 28.6 molN molP− 1 in the DCS.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2019
Article Reference Control of phytoplankton production by physical forcing in a strongly tidal, well-mixed estuary
A zero-dimensional model for phytoplanktonicproduction in turbid, macro-tidal, well-mixed estuaries is proposed. It is based on the description of light-dependentalgal growth, phytoplankton respiration and mortality. The model is forced by simple time-functions for solar irradiance, water depth and light penetration. The extinction coefficientis directly related to the dynamics of suspended particulate matter. Model results show that the description of phyto-plankton growth must operate at a time resolution sufficientlyhigh to describe the interference between solarly and tidallydriven physical forcing functions. They also demonstrate that in shallow to moderately deep systems, simulations using averaged, instead of time-varying, forcing functions lead to significant errors in the estimation of phytoplankton productivity. The highest errors are observed when the temporalpattern of light penetration, linked to the tidal cycle of solidssettling and resuspension, is neglected. The model has alsobeen applied using realistic forcing functions typical of two locations in the Scheldt estuary. Model results are consistentwith the typical phytoplankton decay observed along the lon-gitudinal, seaward axis in the tidal river and oligohaline part of this estuary.
Located in Library / No RBINS Staff publications
Article Reference Van mens tot mens
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference Van mensen en mammoeten
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference Het leven tijdens de ijstijden
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications
Article Reference De mammoetfauna van noordelijk Eurazië
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications