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Article Reference New contribution to the study of genus Aegosoma Audinet-Serville, 1832 in Vietnam with description of a new species from the central part (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Prioninae)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022
Article Reference Description d'une nouvelle espèce du genre Remphan Waterhouse, 1836 de l'île de Simeulue (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Prioninae)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022 OA
Article Reference Frontal sinuses and human evolution
The frontal sinuses are cavities inside the frontal bone located at the junction between the face and the cranial vault and close to the brain. Despite a long history of study, understanding of their origin and variation through evolution is limited. This work compares most hominin species’ holotypes and other key individuals with extant hominids. It provides a unique and valuable perspective of the variation in sinuses position, shape, and dimensions based on a simple and reproducible methodology. We also observed a covariation between the size and shape of the sinuses and the underlying frontal lobes in hominin species from at least the appearance of Homo erectus. Our results additionally undermine hypotheses stating that hominin frontal sinuses were directly affected by biomechanical constraints resulting from either chewing or adaptation to climate. Last, we demonstrate their substantial potential for discussions of the evolutionary relationships between hominin species. Variation in frontal sinus shape and dimensions has high potential for phylogenetic discussion when studying human evolution.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022
Inbook Reference Un autre regard sur l’art mobilier paléolithique belge au travers des nouvelles technologies
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022
Article Reference The burning maze: The potential value of the human bony labyrinth in estimating sex of calcined remains
Estimating sex from burnt human remains is a challenging task in bioanthropology, mainly due to their high level of alteration and fragmentation. Protected within the petrous part of the temporal bone, the bony labyrinth may be particularly valuable for assessing the sex of burnt remains. This prospective study aims at testing predictive models, already found reliable on unburnt bony labyrinths, to burnt specimens. Six discriminant functions were applied on six bony labyrinths of donated adult cadavers of known sex, before and after outdoor burning experiments. Comparisons between unburnt and burnt measurements were executed using Mann–Whitney U tests while shape and size differences induced by fire exposure were examined through a geometric morphometrics (GM) analysis. Predicted sex on unburnt bony labyrinths was consistent with known sex in five cases while a systematic misclassification for males was highlighted on burnt specimens. Higher values of shrinkage were found in males for two measurements included in the equations. GM analysis revealed significant differences in centroid size among males after calcination. Visualization of mean consensus of both female and male bony labyrinths evidenced a reduction in cochlear size and variations in the width and length of semicircular canals of burnt specimens. This exploratory study seems to confirm that designing sex estimation standards specifically for burnt bony labyrinth may be advisable. Understanding how the burning process could impact its morphology is highly recommended through further experiments on larger samples and in controlled environments.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022
Inbook Reference L’anthropologie et la personne décédée.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022
Inbook Reference Pathologies traumatiques, infectieuses et dégénératives observées sur le squelette.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022
Inbook Reference Constitution de collections ostéologiques humaines identifiées en Belgique.
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022
Article Reference On the arachnofauna of the Jean Massart botanical garden (Brussels-Capital Region, Belgium)
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022 OA
Article Reference From a pair to a dozen: the piscivorous species of Haplochromis (Cichlidae) from the Lake Edward system
Located in Library / RBINS Staff Publications 2022 OA