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You are here: Home / Library / RBINS Staff Publications / The loess-palaeosol succession of Kurtak (Yenisei basin, Siberia): A reference record for the Karga Stage (MIS 3)

P.a Haesaerts, V.P.b Chekha, F.a Damblon, N.I.b Drozdov, L.A.c Orlova and J.d Van der Plicht (2005)

The loess-palaeosol succession of Kurtak (Yenisei basin, Siberia): A reference record for the Karga Stage (MIS 3)

Quaternaire, 16(1):3-24.

The loess-palaeosol succession of Kurtak, along the western slope of the Yenisei Valley, is one of the best documented Late Pleistocene sequences in southern Central Siberia. The present paper deals with the Kurtak Pedocomplex and with the Chani Bay Complex preserved on the plateau and in a lateral depression respectively, which corre pond to the Karga Stage (MIS 3). For this sequence we obtained a detailed palaeoclimatic succession based on pedological and palynological data recording 14 short interstadial periods. The chronology of this record is well established by ca 100 radiocarbon dates on charcoal and wood remains, ranging from 42,520 to 25,710 BP. Botanical analysis shows a steppe-like vegetation with small tree populations (spruce, pine, birch) in lateral valleys during the colder periods. During the interstadial episodes spruce populations grew denser in the valleys, while scattered spruce, larch and pine trees expanded on the plateau. Therefore, the Kurtak Pedocomplex and Chani Bay Complex provide a unique climatic record for MIS 3, similar to the middle pleniglacial succession of the Dinkel Valley in the Netherlands and to loess-palaeosol records of Eastern and Central Europe. This means that the Siberian record shows a climatic sequence of global significance, and that the environmental conditions during MIS 3 were highly unstable at the Eurasian continent.

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