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Achilles Gautier, Daniel Makowiecki, Henryk Paner and Wim Van Neer (2012)

Palaeolithic big game hunting at HP766 in Wadi Umm Rahau, Northern Sudan

Journal of African Archaeology, 10:165-174.

Abstract. HP766, discovered by the Gdansk Archaeological Museum Expedition in the region immediately upstream the Merowe Dam in North Sudan and now under water, is one of the few palaeolithic sites with animal bone remains in the country. The archaeological deposits, the large size of the site, the lithics and the radiocarbon dates indicate occupation of a silt terrace of the Nile in late MSA and LSA times. Large and very large mammals predominate markedly among the recovered bone remains and it would seem that the palaeolithic hunters focused on such game. They could corner these animals on the site which is partially surrounded by high bed rock outcrops. Moreover swampy conditions after the retreat of the annual Nile flood may have rendered less mobile the prey animals. According to this scenario, HP 766 may testify to the ecological skills and generational memory of archaic modern man in Sudan.
Peer Review, International Redaction Board
rated 'A' by the European Reference Index for the Humanities (ERIH)
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