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You are here: Home / Associated publications / Belgian Journal of Zoology / Bibliographic References / A new parrot from the Miocene of Germany, with comments on the variation of hypotarsus morphology in some Psittaciformes

G Mayr and UB Gohlich (2004)

A new parrot from the Miocene of Germany, with comments on the variation of hypotarsus morphology in some Psittaciformes

BELGIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 134(1):47-54.

A new taxon of parrot (Psittaciformes) is described from the Middle Miocene of Southern Germany. Bavaripsitta ballmanni gen. et sp. n. is known from an almost complete tarsometatarsus which resembles the corresponding bone of some small Psittaculini (Polytelis, Alisterus) and Platycercini (e.g., Psephotus spp.) in general shape and morphology. Although the new taxon cannot be assigned to any of the modern groups of parrots, together with other fossil specimens it shows that there was a considerable diversity of parrots in the Lower and Middle Miocene of the Old World. Our study further provides the first detailed survey on the variation of hypotarsus morphology within extant Psittaciformes. A derived hypotarsal structure is described that supports monophyly of a clade including the genera Psephotus, Eunymphicus, Cyanoramphus, Northiella, Prosopeia, Barnardius, Platycercus, and Melopsittacus, to the exclusion of Neophema and Neopsephotus (all Platycercini). Also well characterized by a derived morphology of the hypotarsus are Loriinae and Cyclopsittacini. A shared derived hypotarsal morphology may further support sister group relationship between Agapornis and Loriculus (Psittaculini).

aves; psittaciformes; Bavaripsitta ballmanni gen. et sp n; miocene; Nordlinger Ries; hypotarsus; phylogeny
BJZ

ISSN 2295-0451 (online version)
ISSN 0777-6279 (printed version)
impact factor 2015: 0,87.

Editor-in-Chief:
Prof. Dr. Isa Schön
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences
Vautierstraat 29
1000 Brussels, Belgium

 



1863-1903
Annales de la Société malacologique de Belgique
 
1903-1923
​Annales de la Société royale malacologique et zoologique de Belgique
 
1923-1989
Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique
 
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Belgian Journal of Zoology