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You are here: Home / Associated publications / Belgian Journal of Zoology / Bibliographic References / Rare, or simply overlooked? Practical notes for survey and monitoring of the small glow-worm Phosphaenus hemipterus (Coleoptera : Lampyridae)

R De Cock (2000)

Rare, or simply overlooked? Practical notes for survey and monitoring of the small glow-worm Phosphaenus hemipterus (Coleoptera : Lampyridae)

BELGIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY, 130(2):93-101.

Phosphaenus he,hemipterus (Fourcroy, 1785) is considered a very rare glow-worm and has consequently been studied very little. This paper unites the scattered data on the known distribution of P. hemipterus and gives descriptions of habitat use, phenology and activity patterns at recently discovered sites in Belgium. Adult males were found fi om mid-June to mid-July and were most abundant on warm days, with a clear diurnal activity pattern. Only a few adult females were found, mainly around dusk and in or near crevices. Larvae are mainly nocturnal and glow spontaneously as do most lampyrid larvae, but many were also found during the day. The larvae appear to feed only on earthworms. Typical features of the habitat of P. hemipterus are loamy soils and abrupt transitions from dense vegetation into bare patches. Apparently many of these features ale present in areas with severe human disturbance such as in gardens, parks, car parks and at field edges. However, most survey studies on glow-worms are carried out in nature reserves, which may explain why P. hemipterus is mostly missed. The species may actually be not as rare as presumed, and, moreover, it occurs in areas that are not considered important for conservation management.

distribution; phenology; habitat use; diurnality; behaviour; survey studies; conservation; Lampyridae
BJZ

ISSN 2295-0451 (online version)
ISSN 0777-6279 (printed version)
impact factor 2015: 0,87.

Editor-in-Chief:
Prof. Dr. Isa Schön
Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences
Vautierstraat 29
1000 Brussels, Belgium

 



1863-1903
Annales de la Société malacologique de Belgique
 
1903-1923
​Annales de la Société royale malacologique et zoologique de Belgique
 
1923-1989
Annales de la Société Royale Zoologique de Belgique
 
1989-
Belgian Journal of Zoology